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Sarbojanin Barowari Puja


One of the most awaited festival of West Bengal is Durga Puja spanning over four to five days at a stretch. It is not possible for everyone to organize a Durga puja of their own. Therefore Durga Puja is organized by a group of people in a locality or a community which is also known as Sarbojanin Barowari Durga Puja.

Durga Puja is celebrated initially in affluent and zamindar families of West Bengal. Then The Barowari Puja came into existence. The term or word “Baroyari” is derived from “Baro” or “Yaar” meaning a group of twelve friends. There is a place known as Guptipara in Hoogly was the first place in West Bengal where the idea of “Barowari” or “Baroyari” or Sarbojanin Puja was conceived in the year 1790. Barowari puja took 120 years to reach Calcutta. The first Barowari Durga Puja was organized by the “Sanatan Dharamatsahini Sabha” of Behala, Shakher Bazar. After that the enthusiasm and participation of common people increased the number of Barowari Durga Puja through out the state of West Bengal.

With lapse of time, the Barowari Puja was renowned as Sarbojanin Durga Puja. The word Sarbojanin comprises of two words – “Sarbo” in Bengali (Sanskrit) means “for all” and “Jan” means “people”. So therefore the Term Sarbojanin means “For all the people”. There is no restrictions in terms of Color, Creed, Caste or Class in Sarbojanin Puja. After the puja “Bhog” is distributed as a blessings of Goddess Durga with equity and compassion. The entire streets of West Bengal are covered by Huge Structures called “Pandal” during Durga Puja. The pandals are made up of bamboos and cloth, which is used as a temporary enclave for the Goddess. Each pandals has their own theme based on current affairs, historic events, work of fiction, work of Art or of any other innovative ideas.

These type of Durga Pujas is organized by committee which represents certain group of people in a community or a locality. Special Funds known as “Chanda” has been raised for the expense of the puja through door-to-door visit, concerts, advertisements etc.

During the time of Puja, the rituals drummers known as “Dhakis” carrying large leather-strung Dhak show off their skills during ritual dance worships called Aarati or Aarti. The Puja is performed mostly in Pandals. The idols are brought mostly from Kumartuli situated in North Kolkata where the deity artisians live.

Sarbojanin Durgotsav started off much later in Calcutta in the 1920’s, with Shimla Bhyam Samiti and Baghbazar being the earliest. Atindranath Bose commenced ‘Sarbojanin’ Durga Puja in which anybody, irrespective of caste, creed and religion could participate in this auspicious occasion. The puja was organized to build a feeling of unity and brotherhood. At present more than hundreds of Pujas are held in the city’s lanes and streets with more focused on lighting and decorations. The communities spend lakhs of money to make their Pandals an award winning one such as Best Puja, Best Pandal, Best Idol, Best Lighting etc in all other states and other parts of the world.




-: Kolkata Durga Puja Route Map 2015 :-


North-Central Kolkata

South Kolkata
 

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South Suburban & South West

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